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2009年山东省英语高考考试说明  

2009-06-12 17:03:55|  分类: 资料文献 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英 语

Ⅰ.命题指导思想

一、命题依据中华人民共和国教育部2003年颁布的《普通高中英语课程标准(实验)》,依据《普通高等学校招生全国统一考试大纲(课程标准实验?2009年版)》和《2009年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试山东卷考试说明》,不拘泥于某一版本的教科书。

二、命题重视“新材料、新情境”的创设与运用,测试考生的综合语言运用能力。

三、命题保持相对稳定,体现新课程理念。

    四、命题力求科学、准确、公平、规范,试卷应有较高的信度、效度,必要的区分度和适当的难度。

II.考试内容及要求

依据英语课程标准规定的八级目标要求,确定本学科考试内容。考生应在英语语言知识、语言技能、情感态度、学习策略和文化意识等方面达到相应水平。对语言知识、语言技能的具体要求如下:

一、语言知识

要求考生掌握并能运用课程标准八级要求规定的英语语音、词汇、语法、功能意念和话题(见附录),要求词汇量为3300左右。

二、语言运用

1.听力

要求考生能听懂听熟悉话题的简短对话和独白。考生应能:

① 理解主旨和要义;

② 获取具体的、事实性信息;

③ 对所听内容作出推断;

④ 理解说话者的意图、观点或态度。

2.阅读

要求考生能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等。考生应能:

① 理解主旨和要义;

② 理解文中具体信息;

③ 根据上下文推测生词词义;

④ 作出判断和推理;

⑤ 理解文段的基本逻辑结构;

⑥ 理解作者的意图、观点和态度。 

3.写作

要求考生根据题示进行书面表达,如叙述事情、表达观点和态度等。考生应能:

① 清楚、连贯地传递信息,表达意思;

② 有效运用所学语言知识。

4.口语((对2008年英语及相关专业考生的要求)

要求考生根据题示进行口头表达,如询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法等。考生应做到:

① 语音、语调、语气和节奏自然;

② 语言运用得体。

Ⅲ.考试形式与试卷结构

考试形式:采用闭卷、笔试形式(英语及相关专业考生增加口试,办法另定)。考试限定用时为120分钟。

试卷结构:试卷分为第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷,满分为150分。第Ⅰ卷为单项选择题,共105分;第Ⅱ卷为书面表达题,共45分。

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 听力

本部分共两节,测试考生理解英语口语的能力。

第一节:5小题,每小题1.5分,共7.5分。要求考生根据听到的5段简短对话,从每小题所给的3个选项中选出最佳选项。

每段录音材料仅读一遍。

第二节:15小题,每小题1.5分,共22.5分。要求考生根据所听到的5段对话或独白,从每小题所给的3个选项选出最佳选项。

每段录音材料读两遍。

第二部分 英语知识运用

本部分共两节,测试考生对英语语法、词汇知识和简单表达形式的掌握情况。

第一节:语法和词汇,15小题,每小题1分,共15分,每小题在一句或两句话中留出空白,要求考生从每小题所给的4个选项中选出最佳选项。

第二节:完型填空,20小题,每小题1分,共20分。在一篇短文中留出20个空白,要求考生从每小题所给的4个选项中选出最佳选项,使补足后的短文意思通顺、前后连贯、结构完整。

第三部分 阅读理解

测试考生阅读理解书面英语的能力。

本部分20小题,每小题2分,共40分。要求考生根据所提供短文的内容,从每小题所给的4个选项中选出最佳选项。

第Ⅱ卷

第四部分 书面表达

本部分共两节,测试考生用英语进行书面表达的能力。

第一节:阅读表达,5个小题,每小题3分,共15分。要求考生阅读所给的一篇短文,并根据文章后的题目要求进行简答。简答题目主要有以下几类:

1.         概括文章大意、标题,或指出作者写作的主要意图;

2.         补全文章中空缺的句子;

3.         根据语境翻译句子;

4.         同义语句替换;

5.         回答问题;

6.         陈述个人观点。

必要时可根据文章的题材和体裁设置其他题目。

第二节:写作,满分30分。要求考生根据题目的提示(包括情景、图画、图表、提纲等)和要求,用英语写一篇120~150个单词的短文。

Ⅳ 题型示例

第一部分 听力

第一节

W: John, is Mark coming for tea tomorrow?

M: Yes, I told you yesterday, Tracy!

W: Oh, did you? Sorry, I must have forgotten.

 

1.       Who is coming for tea?

A.     John                              B. Mark                              C. Tracy

 

W: What’s the hurry? We’d like you to stay for dinner.

M: Well, thank you, but Helen and I have to meet my parents at the railway station.

 

2.       What will the man do next?

A.     Leave right away.            B. Stay for dinner.                C. Catch a train.

 

W: Hi, Tom. We have to start the meeting without you.

M: I know. My flight was delayed because of the heavy rain.

W: But you are just in time for the discussion.

 

3.       What does the man come for?

A.     A lecture.                       B. A meeting.                       C. A party.

 

M: How much are these shoes?

W: Oh, they are 35 dollars a pair.

M: Do you have Size 9.

W: I’m afraid they are sold out.

 

4.       What size does the man want?

A.     9.                                  B. 35.                                 C. 39

 

第二节

第5、6小题基于下面一段对话。

M: Ladies and Gentlemen, let’s welcome Jane Carter. Jane, you are so young. How can you sing so well?

W: Well, Mr. Green. I like singing very much. And I’ve been doing this for a while. Above all, I have Mr. James as my teacher.

M: No wonder. I believe you’ll do a wonderful job tonight. Now ladies and gentlemen, Jane Carter!

 

5.       What is the man doing?

A.     Giving a speech.              B. Chairing a meeting.          C. Introducing a person.

6.       Why does the woman sing so well?

A.     She has a great teacher.    B. She teaches singing.         C. She is young.

 

第7、8、9小题基于下面一段对话。

W: Excuse me, sir?

M: Can I help you?

W: My name is Jane Smith. I’m a designer, looking for a job.

M: See my secretary. She will set you up with the test.

W: When?

M: Next month.

W: I can’t wait that long.

M: Excuse me?

W: I can’t wait a month. I need something sooner.

M: I’m sorry.

 

7.       What’s the relationship between the speakers?

A.   They are friends.

B.   They are strangers to each other.

C.   They are husband and wife.

8.       Why does the woman come to talk with the man?

A.     To get a job.

B.      To take a test.

C.      To see the secretary.

9.       What does the man mean by saying sorry?

A.        He can’t hear the woman clearly.

B.        He doesn’t need a lawyer.

C.        He can’t help the woman.

 

第10、11、12、13小题基于下面一段独白。

M: Good afternoon, everybody and welcome to this class on English words. I hope that all of you can hear me. If not, please let me know. I am Pref. John Morris. I’ll be your teacher for the next 13 weeks. As you can probably tell, this is one of popular and crowded classes. Indeed, every time these courses are offered, this room is very full. Why is that? Well, in order to use the English language, it’s very important to have at least a basic understanding of how words are formed. Just to mention one figure, and there are many. There are about one million words in English. If you are an English learner, you might wonder how you can possibly remember all of these words. Well, for one thing you don’t have to. No native speaker exists who knows all of the words in the English language. Besides there are shortcuts. Shortcuts? Yes, for example, if you know how words are formed by using parts of words from other languages, such Greek and French, you’ll understand a good number of English words when you first come across them. Let me put it this way. Knowing the rules will help you master a large number of words. This is probably the No. 1 reason why this class is so popular.

 

10.   Where can you most probably hear this talk?

A.   In a class of the English language.

B.   In a class of the Greek language.

C.   In a class of the French language.

 

11.   How long does the class last?

A.  11 weeks.

B.  13 weeks.

C.  15 weeks.

 

12.   What is “the short-cut” to learning words according to the speaker?

A.   Taking more courses.

B.   Reading basic words aloud.

C.   Learning how words are formed.

 

13.   Why is the class popular?

A.   It is not offered each term.

B.   It’s taught by Professor Morris.

C.   It helps to master some useful rules.

 

第二部分 英语知识运用

第一节:语法和词汇知识

1.       _______ walk is expected to last all day, so bring _______ packed lunch.

A. A; a                                                            B. The; 不填

C. The; a                                                         D. A; 不填

2.       –Have you been wasting time on computer games again?

–_________. I’ve been studying a lot and I need a break.

A. No way                                                       B. Not really

C. I don’t agree                                                D. I couldn’t agree more

3.       It’s the sort of work that ___________ a high level of concentration.

A. calls for                                                      B. makes up

C. lies in                                                         D. stands for

4.         It’s not socially _________ for parents to leave children unattended at that age.

A. accessible                                                    B. adorable

C. adaptable                                                     D. acceptable

5.       It’s the sort of work that _________ a high level of concentration.

A. calls for                                                   B. makes up

C. 1ies in                                                        D. stands for

6.       –Say, Jane, will you come with me to the game Friday?

–___________, Bob, but I promised Mary I’d go with her.

A. My pleasure                                               B. Thanks

C. Take it easy                                                D. Forget it

 

第二节:完形填空

例一

My sister and I grew up in a little village in England. Our father was a struggling  1  , but I always knew he was  2  . He never criticized us, but used  3  to bring out our best. He’d say, “If you pour water on flowers, they flourish. If you don’t give them water, they die.” I  4  as a child I said something  5  about somebody, and my father said, “ 6  time you say something unpleasant about somebody else, it’s a reflection of you.” He explained that if I looked for the best 7  people, I would get the best  8 . From then on I’ve always tried to  9  the principle in my life and later in running my company.

Dad’s also always been very  10  . At 15, I started a magazine. It was  11  a great deal of my time, and the headmaster of my school gave me a  12 : stay in school or leave to work on my magazine.

I decided to leave, and Dad tried to sway me from my decision,  13  any good father would. When he realized I had made up my mind, he said, “Richard, when I was 23, my dad  14  me to go into law. And I’ve  15  regretted it. I wanted to be a biologist,  16  I didn’t pursue my  17 . You know what you want. Go fulfill it.”

As  18  turned out, my little publication went on to become Student, a national  19  for young people in the U.K. My wife and I have two children, and I’d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad  20  me.

1.         A. biologist                  B. manager                 C. lawyer                   D. gardener

2.         A. strict                      B. honest                    C. special                     D. learned

3.         A. praise                     B. courage                 C. power                    D. warmth

4.         A. think                      B. imagine                  C. remember             D. guess

5.         A. unnecessary              B. unkind                   C. unimportant            D. unusual

6.         A. Another                  B. Some                     C. Any                       D. Other

7.         A. on                        B. in                          C. at                          D. about

8.         A. in case                    B. by turns                 C. by chance               D. in return

9.         A. revise                     B. set                          C. review                   D. follow

10.     A. understanding           B. experienced           C. serious                    D. demanding

11.     A. taking up                B. making up              C. picking up               D. keeping up

12.     A. suggestion                B. decision                 C. notice                     D. choice

13.     A. and                       B. as                          C. even if                    D. as if

14.     A. helped                    B. allowed                  C. persuaded               D. suggested

15.     A. always                           B. never                     C. seldom                   D. almost

16.     A. rather                     B. but                         C. for                         D. therefore

17.     A. promise                   B. task                       C. belief                            D. dream

18.     A. this                        B. he                                C. it                           D. that

19.     A. newspaper                B. magazine               C. program                 D. project

20.     A. controlled                B. comforted              C. reminded               D. raised

 

例二

One summer day my father sent me to buy wire for out farm. At 16, I liked   1   better than driving our track,   2   this time I was not happy. My father had told me I’d have to ask for credit (赊账) at the store.

Sixteen is a   3   age, when a young man wants respect, not charity. It was 1976, and the ugly   4   of racial discrimination was   5   a fact of life. I’d seen my friends ask for credit and then stand, head down, while the store owner   6   whether they were “good for it.” I knew black youths just like me who were   7   like thieves by the store clerk each time they went into a grocery.

My family was   8  . We paid our debts. But before harvest, cash was short. Would the store owner   9   us?

As Davis’s store, Buck Davis stood behind the cash desk, talking to a farmer. I nodded      10   I passed him on my way to the hardware shelves. When I brought my   11   to the cash desk, I said   12  , “I need to put this on credit.”

The farmer gave me an amused, distrustful   13  . But Buck’s face didn’t change. “Sure,” he said   14   “Your daddy is   15   good for it.” He   16   to the other man. “This here is one of James William’s sons.”

The farmer nodded in a neighborly   17  . I was filled with pride. James William’s son. Those three words had opened a door to an adult’s respect and trust.

That day I discovered that the good name my parents had   18   brought our whole family the respect of our neighbors. Everyone knew what to   19   from a William: a decent person who kept his word and respected himself   20   much to do wrong.

 

1.         A. something        B. nothing                   C. anything                         D. everything

2.         A. and                  B. so                           C. but                          D. for

3.          A. prideful          B. wonderful                C. respectful                       D. colorful

4.         A. intention                 B. shadow                    C. habit                      D. faith

5.         A. thus                 B. just                         C. still                         D. ever

6.         A. guessed                   B. suspected                 C. questioned               D. figured

7.         A. watched           B. caught                     C. dismissed                 D. accused

8.         A. generous          B. honest                     C. friendly                   D. modest

9.         A. blame                     B. excuse                     C. charge                     D. trust

10.     A. until                B. as                           C. once                        D. since

11.     A. purchases         B. sales                        C. orders                     D. favorites

12.     A. casually            B. confidently              C. cheerfully                D. carefully

13.     A. look                 B. stare                        C. response                  D. comment

14.     A. patiently           B. eagerly                    C. easily                      D. proudly

15.     A generally                  B. never                      C. sometimes                     D. always

16.     A. pointed                   B. replied                    C. turned                     D introduced

17.     A. sense                B. way                               C. degree                     D. mood

18.     A. earned              B. deserved                  C. given                      D. used

19.     A. receive             B. expect                     C. collect                     D. require

20.     A. very                 B. so                           C. how                        D. too

 

第三部分 阅读理解

例一

When Andrea Peterson landed her first teaching job, she faced the daunting task of creating a music program with almost no money for equipment or supplies in a climate where standards-based learning was the focus and music just provided a break for students and teachers.

For her drive and creativity in overcoming those challenges, she’s been named national teacher of the year.

Principal Waynes Kettler said he’s worked with many outstanding teachers in his 22 years as an educator, but Peterson is “just that one step above anybody I’ve ever worked with before.”

Kettler and others at Monte Cristo Elementary School talk about the ways she has introduced the learning from other classrooms into her music program and her creativity in working around things such as the lack of money for new music.

When students were reading S.E. Hinton’s novel The Outsiders in their regular classroom, Peterson helped them write a 30-minute play with scenes from the book. Then they chose three Broadway tunes that focused on race, equality and social justice, the themes of the book. Peterson composed two other songs herself after classroom discussions about the play and the book.

The honor means a lot to residents of Granite Falls. It’s inspiring to know that people from small towns can even win national honors.

As national teacher of the year, Peterson will spend the next year outside the classroom, as a national and international spokeswoman for education.

Not surprisingly, she is a big believer in the value of arts education. She said it’s essential for schools to offer classes such as art or music and physical education because for some kids one of those subjects is the only thing that motivates them to come back to school day after day.

 

1. The underlined word “daunting” in Paragraph 1 most probably means ________.

A. discouraging     B. interesting               C. creative            D. unbearable

2. When Peterson began her teaching career, ________.

A. music was a focus of learning in most schools

B. the environment was favorable to music teaching

C. the school lacked teaching facilities for music

D. financial support for music programs was unavailable

3. What is the most important reason that Peterson won the award?

A. She concerned herself with current social problems.

B. She motivated students to learn music with her creativity.

C. She has taught music at the elementary school for 22 years.

D. She made great efforts to arouse students’ interest in literature.

4. Which of the following is an example of Peterson’s way of teaching music?

A. She wrote plays on themes of race, equality and social justice.

B. She made use of the contents of other classes in her teaching.

C. She organized classroom discussions of Broadway tunes.

D. She helped students compose songs by themselves.

5. In Peterson’s opinion, ________.

A. art, music and PE classes are all important

B. more subjects should be offered to students

C. students should be motivated to attend art classes

D. arts education is more important than other subjects

6. It can be inferred from the text that ________.

A. Peterson’s honor was a surprise for the local people

B. Peterson’s art classes attracted students back to school

C. Peterson aroused the local residents’ passion for music

D. Peterson will change her profession next year

 

例二

A month after Hurricane Katrina, I returned home in New Orleans. There lay my house, reduced to waist-high ruins, smelly and dirty.

Before the trip, I’d had my car fixed. When the office employee of the garage was writing up the bill, she noticed my Louisiana license plate. “You from New Orleans?” she asked. I said I was. “No charge,” she said, and firmly shook her head when I reached for my wallet. The next day I went for a haircut, and the same thing happened.

As my wife was studying in Florida, we decided to move there and tried to find a rental house that we could afford while also paying off a mortgage(抵押贷款) on our ruined house. We looked at many places, but none was satisfactory. We’d begun to accept that we’d have to live in extremely reduced circumstances for a while, when I got a very curious e-mail from a James Kennedy in California. He’d read some pieces I’d written about our sufferings for Slate, the online magazine, and wanted to give us (“no conditions attached”) a new house across the lake from New Orleans.

It sounded too good to be true, but I replied, thanking him for his exceptional generosity, that we had no plans to go back. Then a poet at the University of Florida offered to let his house to me while he went to England on his one-year paid leave. The rent was rather reasonable. I mentioned the poet’s offer to James Kennedy, and the next day he sent a check covering our entire rent for eight months.

Throughout this painful experience, the kindness of strangers has done much to bring back my faith in humanity. It’s almost worth losing your worldly possessions to be reminded that people are really nice when given half a chance.

 

1. The garage employee’s attitude toward the author was that of _______.

A. unconcern               B. sympathy          C. doubt               D. tolerance

2. What do we know about James Kennedy?

A. He was a writer of an online magazine.

B. He was a poet at the University of Florida.

C. He offered the author a new house free of charge.

D. He learned about the author’s sufferings via e-mail.

3. It can be inferred from the text that _______.

A. the author’s family was in financial difficulty

B. rents were comparatively reasonable despite the disaster

C. houses were difficult to find in the hurricane-stricken area

D. the mortgage on the ruined house was paid off by the bank

4. The author learned from his experience that _______.

A. worldly possessions can be given up when necessary

B. generosity should be encouraged in some cases

C. people benefit from their sad stories

D. human beings are kind after all

 

例三

Federal regulators Wednesday approved a plan to create a nationwide emergency alert (警报) system using text messages delivered to cell phones.

Text messages have exploded in popularity in recent years, particularly among young people. The wireless industry's trade association, CTIA, estimates (估计) more than 48 billion text messages are sent each month.

The plan comes from the Warning Alert and Response Network Act, a 2006 federal law that requires improvement to the nation's emergency alert system. The act tasked the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) with coming up with new ways to alert the public about emergencies.

"The ability to deliver accurate and timely warnings and alerts through cell phones and other mobile services is an important next step in our efforts to help ensure that the American public has the information they need to take action to protect themselves and their families before, and during, disasters and other emergencies," FCC Chairman Kevin Martin said following approval of the plan.

Participation in the alert system by carriers—telecommunications companies—is voluntary, but it has received solid support from the wireless industry.

The program would be optional for cell phone users. They also may not be charged for receiving alerts.

There would be three different types of messages, according to the rules.

The first would be a national alert from the president, likely involving a terrorist attack or natural disaster. The second would involve "approaching threats," which could include natural disasters like hurricanes or storms or even university shootings. The third would be reserved for child abduction (绑架) emergencies, or so-called Amber Alerts.

The service could be in place by 2010.

1. What is the purpose of the approved plan?

A. To warn people of emergencies via messages.

B. To popularize the use of cell phones.

C. To estimate the monthly number of messages.

D. To promote the wireless industry.

2. The improvement to the present system is in the charge of ______.

A. CTIA                                     B. The Warning Alert and Response Network

C. FCC                                             D. federal regulators

3. The carriers' participation in the system is determined by ______.

A. the US federal government

B. mobile phone users

C. the carriers themselves

D. the law of the United States

4. Which of the following is true of cell phone users?

A. They must accept the alert service.

B. They may enjoy the alert service for free.

C. They must send the alerts to others.

D. They may choose the types of messages.

5. An alert message will NOT be sent if ______.

A. a child loses his way

B. a university shooting happens

C. a natural disaster happens

D. a terrorist attack occurs

6. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

A. Cell Phone Alerts Protecting Students

B. Cell Phone Alerts by Wireless Industry

C. Cell Phone Alerts of Natural Disasters

D. Cell Phone Alerts Coming Soon

第四部分 书面表达

第一节:阅读表达

例一

An American friend of mine who was high up in a big corporation had worked out a way of handling a flood of e-mails before most of us had even heard of the concept. If any information he was sent was vital enough, his lack of response would ensure the sender rang him up. If the sender wasn’t important enough to have his private number, the communication couldn’t be that important. My friend is now even more senior in the same company, so the strategy must work.

Almost every week now, there seems to be a report suggesting that we are all being driven crazy by the bother of e-mail. If this is the case, it’s only because we haven’t developed an appropriate discrimination in dealing with it.

___________. Firstly, you junk anything with an exclamation mark or a string of capital letters, or from any address you don’t recognize or feel confident about.

Secondly, e-mails don’t all have to be answered. Because e-mailing is so easy, there’s a tendency for correspondence to carry on forever, but it is permissible to stop an endless discussion or to accept a point of information sent by a colleague without acknowledging it.

Thirdly, a reply e-mail doesn’t have to be the same length as the original. We all have e-mail pals who send long, chatty e-mails, which are nice to receive, but who then expect an equally long reply. The charm of e-mail can consist in the simple, incomplete sentence, totally regardless of the format of the letter sent by post. You are perfectly within the bounds of politeness in responding to a marathon e-mail with a brief reply.

 

1. Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one?

The possible existence of annoyance results from our inability to sort out e-mails.

_________________________________________________________________________

2. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with a proper sentence. (within 10 words)

_________________________________________________________________________

3. What advice is given in the last paragraph? (within 10 words)

_________________________________________________________________________

4. For what purpose does the author mention his American friend in Paragraph 1? (within 10 words)

________________________________________________________________________

5. Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese.

_______________________________________________________________________

 

例二

While it is impossible to live completely free of stress, it is possible to prevent stress as well as reduce its effect when it can’t be avoided. The US Department of Health and Human Services offers the following suggestions for ways to deal with stress.

? Try physical activity

When you are nervous, angry or upset, try releasing the pressure through exercise or physical activity. Running, walking, playing tennis, or working in your garden are just some of the activities you might try.

? Take care of yourself

You should make every effort to eat well and get enough rest. If you easily get angry and cannot sleep well enough, or if you’re not eating properly, it will be more likely that you will fall into stressful situations. If stress repeatedly keeps you from sleeping, you should consult a doctor.

? Make time for yourself

Schedule time for both work and entertainment. Don’t forget, play can be just as important to your overall well-being as work. You need a break from your daily routine to just relax and have fun. Go window-shopping or work on a hobby. Allow yourself at least a half hour each day to do something you enjoy.

? Make a list of things to do

Stress can result from disorganization and a feeling that “there’s so much to do, and not enough time”. Trying to take care of everything at once can be too much for you and as a result, you may not achieve anything. Instead, make a list of everything you have to do, then ________________, checking off each task as it is completed. Set out to do the most important tasks first.

 

1. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.)

_____________________________________________________________________

2. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?

You might feel stressed as a result of bad temper, poor quality of sleep or diet.

______________________________________________________________________

3. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.)

______________________________________________________________________

4. Which of the suggestions do you think is the best for you? Why? (Please answer within 30 words.)

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

5. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese.

_____________________________________________________________________ 

例三

[1] The word addiction usually makes you think of alcohol or drugs, but in modern-day society we are seeing some new kinds of addictions. Some people are compulsive (难以自制的) shoppers. Others find it impossible to pull themselves away from their work. Still others spend countless hours watching TV or playing computer games.

[2] Over the years, shopping has become a very common activity. Many people enjoy going to malls or stores more and more every day, but it's more than a common hobby for some of them. They have turned into shopaholics. They are people who simply enjoy shopping and walking around spending money without being able to stop doing it. They are hooked on shopping and usually buy things that they don't need. Even though they don't have enough money, they buy everything they want.

[3] The question is: why do they have this addiction There isn't a specific answer. Some people go shopping when they are sad, worried, upset or lonely and they want to feel better. They use this activity as a way to forget their problems. Shopaholics say that they feel more important and better after they buy something. They also tend to have this addiction when they feel guilty.

[4] Shopaholism seems to be a harmless addiction, but it can ___________. Some of them can be psychological. If this is the case, people addicted to shopping should go to a support group to help them break this habit. However, the process, like for most addictions, is long, and they suffer a lot. It can also cause financial problems. They just think about satisfying their feelings, so they spend money they don't have. They get deep in debt, and they can even go bankrupt and get sent to prison.

 

1. List three activities that might develop into addictions based on the text. (Please answer within 8 words)

① ________________________

② _______________________

③ ________________________

2. What's the main idea of Paragraph 3 (Please answer within 8 words)

_______________________________________________________________________________3. 3. Fill in the blank in paragraph 4 with proper words. (Please answer within 6 words)

_____________________________________________________________________

4. Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one?

Accordingly, these shopaholics should turn to a certain organization for help so that they can stop compulsive shopping.

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

5. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese.

________________________________________________________________________

 

第二节:写作

根据题目的提示和要求,用英语写一篇120~150个单词的短文。

题型示例 略


 

 


 

Ⅴ.附录

一、语音项目表

1.基本读音

(1)26个字母读音

(2)元音字母在重读音节中的读音

(3)元音字母在轻读音节中的读音

(4)元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音

(5)常见的元音字母组合在轻读音节中的读音

(6)辅音字母组合的读音

(7)辅音连缀的读音

(8)成节音的读音

2.重音

(1)单词重音

(2)句子重音

3.读音的变化

(1)连读 (2)失去爆破 (3)弱读 (4)同化

4.语调与节奏

(1)意群与停顿 (2)语调 (3)节奏

5.语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流中的运用

6.朗诵和演讲中的语音技巧

7.主要英语国家的英语语音差异

二、语法项目表

1.名词

(1)可数名词及其单复数 (2)不可数名词

(3)专有名词 (4)名词所有格

2.代词

(1)人称代词 (2)物主代词

(3)反身代词 (4)指示代词

(5)不定代词 (6)疑问代词

3.数词

(1)基数词 (2)序数词

4.介词和介词短语

5.连词

6.形容词(比较级和最高级)

7.副词(比较级和最高级)

8.冠词

9.动词

(1)动词的基本形式 (2)系动词

(3)及物动词和不及物动词 (4)助动词

(5)情态动词

10.时态

(1)一般现在时 (2)一般过去时

(3)一般将来时 (4)现在进行时

(5)过去进行时 (6)过去将来时

(7)将来进行时 (8)现在完成时

(9)过去完成时 (10)现在完成进行时

11.被动语态

12.非谓语动词

(1)动词不定式 (2)动词的-ing形式 (3)动词的-ed形式

13.构词法

(1)合成法 (2)派生法

(3)转化法 (4)缩写和简写

14.句子种类

(1)陈述句 (2)疑问句

(3)祈使句 (4)感叹句

15.句子成分

(1)主语 (2)谓语 (3)表语 (4)宾语

(5)定语 (6)状语 (7)补语

16.简单句的基本句型

17.主谓一致

18.并列复合句

19.主从复合句

(1)宾语从句 (2)状语从句 (3)定语从句

(4)主语从句 (5)表语从句

20.间接引语

21、省略

22.倒装

23.强调

24.虚拟语气

三、功能意念项目表

1. 社会交往 (Social Communications)

(1)问候 (Greetings)

(2)介绍 (Introduction)

(3)告别 (Farewells)

(4)感谢 (Thanks)

(5)道歉(Apologies)

(6)邀请(Invitation)

(7)请求允许 (Asking for permission)

(8)祝贺与祝愿 (Expressing wishes and congratulations)

(9)提供帮助 (Offering help)

(10)接受或拒绝(acceptance and refusal)

(11)约会(Making appointments)

(12)打电话 (Making telephone calls)

(13)就餐 (Having meals)

(14)就医 (Seeing the doctor)

(15)购物 (Shopping)

(16)问路 (Asking the way)

(17)谈论天气 (Talking about weather)

(18)语言交际困难(Language difficulties in communication)

(19)提醒注意 (Reminding)

(20)警告和禁止(Warning and prohibition)

(21)劝告(Advice)

(22)建议(Suggestions)

2. 态度 (Attitudes)

(23)同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement)

(24)喜欢和不喜欢(Likes and dislikes)

(25)肯定和不肯定 (Certainty and uncertainty)

(26)可能和不可能 (Possibility and impossibility)

(27)能够和不能够 (Ability and inability)

(28)偏爱和优先选择 (Preference)

(29)意愿和打算 (Intentions and plans)

(30)希望和愿望(Hopes and wishs)

(31)表扬和鼓励(Praise and encouragement)

(32)责备和抱怨(Blame and complaint)

(33)冷淡(Indifference)

(34)判断与评价(Judgment and evaluation)

3. 情感(Emotions)

(35)高兴(Happiness)

(36)惊奇(Surprise)

(37)忧虑(Worries)

(38)安慰(Reassurance)

(39)满意(Satisfaction)

(40)遗憾(Regret)

(41)同情(Sympathy)

(42)恐惧(Fear)

(43)愤怒(Anger)

4. 时间(Time)

(44)时刻(Point of time)

(45)时段(Duration)

(46)频度(Frequency)

(47)时序(Sequence)

5. 空间(Space)

(48)位置(Position)

(49)方向(Direction)

(50)距离(Distance)

6. 存在(Existence)

(51)存在(Existence and Non-existence)

7. 特征(Features)

(52)形状(Shape)

(53)颜色(Colour)

(54)材料(Material)

(55)价格(Price)

(56)规格(Size)

(57)年龄(Age)

8. 计量(Measurement)

(58)长度(Length)

(59)宽度(Width)

(60)高度(Height)

(61)数量(Number)

9. 比较 (Comparison)

(62)同级比较(Equal comparison)

(63)差别比较(Comparative and superlative)

(64)相似和差别(Similarity and difference)

10. 逻辑关系(Logical relations)

(65)原因和结果(Cause and effect)

(66)目的(Purpose)

11. 职业 (Occupations)

(67)工作(Jobs)

(68)单位(Employer)

四、话题项目表

1. 个人情况 (Personal information)

(1)Individual data (name, age, date of birth, place of birth, telephone number, address, postal code, e-mail address, ID number, etc.)

(2)Family data (name, age, relationship, etc.)

(3)School data (school, grade, class, teacher, etc.)

(4)Data uses (filling out forms and applications, etc.)

(5)Jobs and career (office worker, worker, teacher, doctor, farmer, driver, official, etc.)

2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 (Family, friends and people around)

(1)Family and relatives (grandparents, parents, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, cousin, son, daughter, etc.)

(2)Friends (close neighbour, schoolmate, classmate, roommate, team-mate, etc.)

(3)Other people (neighbour, local shopkeeper, teacher, colleague, etc.)

3. 周围的环境(Personal environments)

(1)Kinds of homes (apartment, house, dormitory, etc.)

(2)Rooms in homes (bedroom, kitchen, living room, bathroom, etc.)

(3)Furniture & home items (table, chair, sofa, desk, bed, television, etc.)

(4)Schools (classroom, playground, hall, computer room, office, etc.)

(5)Outside (grocery store, book shop, clothing store, market, bank, library, museum, cinema, theatre, park, road, etc.)

4. 日常活动(Daily routines)

(1)Getting ready (time for school, playing, bed)

(2)Dressing, brushing teeth, washing hands and face, taking a shower, etc.

(3)Eating (breakfast, lunch, snacks and dinner)

(4)Daily chores (tidying, sweeping, doing dishes, cooking)

(5)Homework (reading, writing, studying, etc.)

(6)Family time (watching television, going out, visiting, etc.)

5. 学校生活(School life)

(1)School building (classroom, office, library, washroom, etc.)

(2)School organization (grade, class, subject, break, schedule, etc.)

(3)People (teacher, classmate, schoolmate, cleaner, etc.)

(4)Subjects (Chinese, maths, English, geography, history, etc.)

(5)Activities (sports, extra-curricular involvement, trip, etc.)

(6)Instructions (Please listen, read, get into groups, act, etc.)

(7)Educational methods (preview, review, discuss, presentation, summary)

6. 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies)

(1)Lessons (music, dance, acting, sport, etc.)

(2)Games (physical games, computer games, sports, etc.)

(3)Hobbies (collecting stamps, coins, dolls, etc.)

(4)Reading (books, newspapers, comics, etc.)

(5)Cultural events (film, theatre, concert, opera, etc.)

(6)Entertainment (listening to radio, watching TV, playing CD, DVD, etc.)

(7)Socializing (having parties, issuing invitations, going for picnics, going sightseeing, entertaining guests, etc.)

7. 个人感情 (Emotions)

(1)Describing feelings (happy, sad, angry, upset, pleased, proud, lonely, worried, nervous, afraid, etc.)

(2)Emotions (smiling, laughing, crying, shouting, etc.)

8. 人际关系 (Interpersonal relationships)

(1)People (parent, brother, sister, other family members, friend, neighbour, teacher, etc.)

(2)Social behaviours (greeting, introducing, giving thanks, asking for permission, asking for help, solving problems, dealing with conflicts, etc.)

(3)Getting together (making plans / arrangements, time, date, place, event, etc.)

9. 计划与愿望(Plans and intentions)

(1)Planning (holidays, social events, travel, further education, jobs, etc.)

(2)Organising (asking for advice, asking for help, asking for permission, exploring possibilities, expressing needs and wants, etc.)

10. 节假日活动 (Festivals, holidays and celebrations)

(1)Cultural festivals ( Spring Festivals, New Year's Day, Christmas, etc.)

(2)Religious holidays (Christmas, Easter, Ramada, etc.)

(3)Personal celebrations (birthday, anniversary, graduation, etc.)

11. 购物(Shopping)

(1)Planning (shopping list, needs, wants, etc.)

(2)Products (clothes, groceries, personal items, electronics, etc.)

(3)Selecting (quality, weights, measures, size, colour, style, etc.)

(4)Paying (price, quantity, etc.)

12. 饮食(Food and drink)

(1)Meats (beef, chicken, pork, fish, etc.)

(2)Soups (chicken, tofu, vegetable, etc.)

(3)Vegetables (cabbage, eggplant, etc.)

(4)Staple food (rice, bread, noodles, cake)

(5)Drinks (milk, water, juice, soft drink, coke, alcoholic drinks, beer, wine, etc.)

(6)Fast foods ( sandwiches, noodles, dumplings, hot dogs, hamburgers, chips, etc.)

(7)Snacks (ice cream, chips, etc.)

(8)Eating customs (ways of eating, kinds of food, times to eat, table manners, chopsticks, knife, fork, etc.)

(9)Requesting or offering different foods and drinks

(10)Likes and dislikes (favourite food, favourite drinks, etc.)

(11)Ordering food and/or drinks

13. 健康(Health)

(1)Eating habits

(2)Physical fitness and exercise

(3)Personal hygiene

(4)Illnesses (stomachache, headache, flu, cold, etc.)

(5)Medications

(6)Accidents

(7)Doctors, nurses & hospitals

(8)Describing problems (parts of the body, pains, etc.)

(9)Medical insurance

14. 天气(Weather)

(1)Describing weather (sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, hot, warm, cold, cool, etc.)

(2)Extreme weather (storms, gales, hurricanes, etc.)

(3)Dressing for the weather ( coat, hat, umbrella, raincoat, windbreaker, etc.)

15. 文娱与体育(Entertainment and sports)

(1)Movies and theatre

(2)Music and dance (folk music and dance, popular music and classical music)

(3)Team games (football, basketball, volleyball, etc.)

(4)Games of two or four (table tennis, tennis, golf, etc.)

(5)Racing (running, swimming, horse racing, etc.)

(6)International sports events (Olympic Games, World Cup, Football League, etc.)

(7)Spectators and fans

(8)Physical exercises

16. 旅游和交通(Travel and transport)

(1)Methods of transportation (walking, cycling, horse riding, taking buses, trains, boats, planes)

(2)Travel (schedules, maps, tickets, fares)

(3)Getting and asking directions (left, right, straight ahead, north, south, east, west, etc.)

(4)Safety rules and warnings (traffic lights, caution, walk, stop, etc.)

(5)Inquiring and making reservations (hotels, tourist spots, etc,)

(6)International travel (passport, visas, expenses, currency, etc.)

(7)Describing a journey

17. 语言学习(Language learning)

(1)Differences between American English and British English

(2)Language and culture

(3)Language learning difficulties

(4)Attitudes to language and communication

(5)Language learning strategies

(6)Communications repair

18. 自然 (Nature)

(1)Plants (green plants, trees, bushes, grass, vegetables, crops, flowers. etc.)

(2)Animals (farm animals, wild animals, endangered animals, pets, etc.)

(3)Heavenly bodies (The sun, the earth, the moon and stars, etc.)

(4)Describing land (cities, farms, hill, mountains, lakes, rivers, etc.)

(5)Natural disasters (Volcano,earthquake, etc.)

19. 世界和环境(The world and the environment)

(1)Countries and maps (China, Great Britain, United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Japan, Russia, India, Egypt, Cuba. etc.)

(2)Issues (pollution, land use and quality, population growth, housing, etc.)

20. 科普知识与现代技术 (Popular science and modern technology)

(1)Recent inventions, medical advances, technological advances, etc.

(2)Computer science

21. 热点话题 (Topical issues)

(1)Population

(2)Environmental conservation

(3)Crime and punishment

(4)Social differences

(5)Pollution

22. 历史和地理(History and geography)

(1)General knowledge of history and geography about China

(2)General knowledge of history and geography about the world

(3)Historic events

(4)Historical persons

23. 社会 (Society)

(1)Nationality and people

(2)Famous people (contemporary)

(3)Law (rules and regulations, traffic codes)

(4)Ways of dressing (types of clothes, daily clothes or dress, situation and dressing)

(5)Names of religions

(6)Religions and culture

(7)Customs and culture

24. 文学与艺术 (Literature and art)

(1)Forms of literature and art (play, drama, novel, essay, poetry, short story)

(2)Famous literary people and artists

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