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Hello, I'm the host of the blog you're visiting now. Thank you for your presence. I've been working as a teacher of English since ten years ago. Hope we'll be friends.

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2011版《中考英语阅读理解100篇》发布  

2011-02-08 12:40:06|  分类: 资料文献 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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In the 13th century(世纪), the famous Italian traveller, Marco Polo, travelled a long way to China. During his stay in < xmlnamespace prefix ="st1" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" />China, he saw many wonderful things. One of the things he discovered was that the Chinese used paper money. In western countries, people did not use paper money until the 15th century. However, people in China began to use paper money in the 7th century.

A Chinese man called Cai Lun invented paper almost 2,000 years ago. He made it from wood. He took the wood from trees and made it into paper. He then put these pieces of paper together and made them into a book.

Now paper still comes from trees. We use a lot of paper every day. If we keep on wasting so much paper, there will not be any trees left on the earth. If there are no trees, there will be no paper. Every day, people throw away about 2,800 tons of paper in our city. It takes 17 trees to make one ton of paper. This means that we are cutting nearly 48,000 trees every day. Since it takes more than 10 years for a tree to grow, we must start using less paper now. If we don’t, we will not have enough time to grow more trees to take the place of those we use for paper.

So how can we save paper? We can use both sides of every piece of paper, especially when we are making notes. We can choose drinks in bottles instead of those in paper packets. We can also use cotton handkerchiefs and not paper ones. When we go shopping, we can use fewer paper bags. If the shop assistant does give us a paper bag, we can save it and reuse it later.

Everyone can help to save paper. If we all think carefully, we can help protect trees. But we should do it now, before it is too late.

Choose the best answer

(  ) 1. When he was in China, Marco Polo ____.

   A. discovered Cai Lun invented paper  B. learned to make paper

C. saw many wonderful things        D. read a lot of books

(  ) 2. People in western countries first used paper money in the_____ century.

   A. 17th   B. 15th   C. 13th  D. 7th

(  ) 3. About _____ tons of paper is thrown away every day in our city.

   A. 1,700   B. 2,000   C. 2,800   D. 48,000

(  ) 4. Which of the following is NOT the way of saving paper?

A. To use both sides of every piece of paper.

B. To use the paper bags from shops more than once.

C. To use cotton handkerchiefs instead of paper ones.

D. To grow more trees.

(  ) 5. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

A. If we keep on wasting paper, we will have no paper to use.

B. The Chinese used paper money much earlier than the people in western countries.

C. About 48,000 trees can be used to make 2,800 tons of paper.  

D. It is never too late to plant trees for paper.

(  ) 6. Which is the best title of the passage?

   A. Saving Paper                   B. The History of Paper

C. Cotton Handkerchiefs Back Again  D. Cai Lun ,the Great Inventor

2

       Believe it or not, a rain check is not a weather report. A rain check is a small piece of paper. When can you get a rain check? Well, if you are going to a ball game or some other open-air activity and it is called off because of rain or some other reason, you may receive a rain check. With it you may go there again without paying.

       You may also receive a rain check at a shop. As you know, sometimes when you go to a shop to buy something which is on sale, it is sold out. You may ask the assistant to give you a rain check and with it you can go again next time to buy what you need at the sale price.

       Here’s another way to use this word. If someone invites you to go somewhere, you would like to go very much but cannot, you may say “May I have a rain check?” This means, “I will come next time.” But you can never say “May I take a rain check?” when your teacher gives you some homework.

判断正(A)误(B (根据短文,判断下列句子是否正确, 正确的用“A”表示,不正确的用“B”表示):

(  ) 1. A rain check is a piece of paper with whether report on it.

(  ) 2. When a ball game is called off because of rain, we can get a rain check.

(  ) 3. We can also get a rain check at a shop.

(  ) 4. We can buy something we need without paying with a rain check.

(  ) 5. Sometimes a rain check means “I will come next time.”

(  ) 6. Teachers will be glad to give their students a rain check when they ask them to do some homework.

3

       The United States is one of the greatest fruit-growing countries in the world. Fine red apples come from Washington and New York. Golden oranges come from Southern California and Florida. Fruit grows in all parts of America. The kind of fruit that is grown depends on the weather in each place.

       Orange trees cannot be grown where temperatures drop below freezing. Southern California and Florida are far away from each other, but their weather is much the same. They do not often have freezing temperatures.

       In Washington, apple trees are planted near the Atlantic Ocean. In New York, they grow near the Great Lakes. Apple trees are often planted near water. Water temperature changes more slowly than land temperature. Near water the temperature does not drop so fast. There is less change of frost(霜冻)in later spring or early autumn. Frost can kill apples.

       America has many kinds of weather. It has many kinds of soil. Because of this, we grow and eat more fruit than any other country in the world.

Choose the best answer (根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案):

(  ) 1. Near water, the temperature changes _______.

       A. faster                B. slower               C. not at all            D. the same as elsewhere

(  ) 2. The story does not say this, but from what we have read, we can tell that_______.

A. most fruits grow anywhere in the United States

B. freezing temperatures are good for fruit

C. the same fruit can be grown in different places

D. fruits can only be grown near water

(  ) 3. How fast does water temperature change?

A. Water temperature does not change so fast as land temperature does.

B. Water and land temperatures change almost at the same speed.

C. Water temperature changes faster than land temperature.

D. Water temperature seldom changes.

(  ) 4. Which of the following is not true?

       A. There is less change of frost in later spring or early autumn in Washington.

B. Orange trees must be grown where temperatures are above freezing.

C. In winter California and Florida have few freezing temperatures.

D. Americans eat more fruit because of the weather.

(  ) 5. The main idea of the whole story is that _______.

A. orange trees usually grow where it is cold

B. different fruits grow in different weather

C. the cold cannot kill oranges and apples   

D. apple trees cannot live through cold winter

(  ) 6. Which of the following does this story lead you to believe?

A. The fruit we buy comes from many places in the country.

B. Orange trees are often planted near water.

C. The soil is about the same in all the states of the country.

D. Frost is good for growing apple trees.

4

You may have heard about a pet dog flown to its new home, or a lion to a zoo. Anything—from fish to elephants—can be flown up in the air.

In a plane, each kind of animal needs special care. Crocodiles can go nearly a week without food. But their bodies must be watered daily. Some snakes will die unless they are kept warm. Birds will not eat in the dark. They will starve(饿死)if kept in a dark place. Penguins(企鹅)and seals(海豹)must be fed(喂养)by hand. They won’t eat anything that has fallen to the ground.

Elephants from Africa eat hay. But those from South Asia want sugar cane(甘蔗). Once, a plane carrying three elephants from India ran out of sugar cane. The pilot called ahead to a city in Turkey(土耳其). “Have two tons of sugar cane ready,” he said. When the plane landed, two tons of sugar cane were waiting at the airport!

Monkeys are flown in large numbers as scientists in many countries want to study them. Before each flight, the troublemakers among them should be put into separate cages(分开的笼子).

Monkeys are very good at opening cage doors. During one flight, a pilot had to radio to the control tower on the ground, “Need to land immediately. Monkeys loose on plane.” When the plane was on the runway, there was a monkey at each window peeping(窥探)out!

判断正(A)误(B (根据短文,判断下列句子是否正确, 正确的用“A”表示,不正确的用“B”表示):

 (   ) 1. A pet dog can fly as well as a plane.

(   ) 2. Each kind of animal has different habits.

(   ) 3. Crocodiles in a plane need some water to drink every day.

(   ) 4. Some snakes will die if they are not kept warm enough.

(   ) 5. This passage tells us we must take special care of the animals carried in planes.

(   ) 6. Monkeys are clever enough to open the doors of their cage.

5

       Dick was a clever boy, but his parents were poor, so he had to work after school and during his holidays to pay for his education. He managed to get to the university, but it was so expensive to study there that during the holidays he found it necessary to get two jobs at the same time so as to get enough money to pay for his studies.

       One summer he managed to get a job in a butcher’s shop(肉店)during the daytime, and another in a hospital at night. In the shop he learned to cut meat up quite well, so the butcher often let him sell the meat while he went into a room behind the shop to do other things. In the hospital, of course, he could only do the easier jobs, like helping to lift people and to carry them from one part of the hospital to another. Both at the butcher’s and at the hospital, Dick had to wear white clothes.

       One evening at the hospital, Dick had to help to carry a woman from her bed to a room. She was to have an operation there. The woman was very much frightened when she thought about the operation. Suddenly she saw Dick. He came to get her and carried her to the room. She cried out, “No! No! Not my butcher! I won’t be operated on by my butcher!” She fainted(昏死)away.

Choose the best answer (根据短文内容,选择最恰当的答案):

(  ) 1. Dick’s family was _______.

       A. big                    B. small               C. poor                 D. rich

(  ) 2. He decided to find two jobs during the holidays because he wanted to get enough money

       _______.

A. to pay for his studies in the university     

B. to buy some fine clothes

C. to help his parents                                

D. to change the living conditions of the family

(  ) 3. One summer Dick worked in a butcher’s shop _______.

       A. when he was free                                  B. in the daytime

       C. three times a week                                D. at night

(  ) 4. During the summer holidays Dick worked in a hospital _______.

       A. in the morning   B. in the afternoon         C. three times a week    D. at night

(  ) 5. When Dick got to the butcher’s shop and the hospital he must first put on ______ and then

       began to work.

    A. his cap              B. white clothes            C. black clothes            D. white trousers

(  ) 6. A woman fainted away because she _______.

    A. thought she was badly ill                       

B. knew Dick was a butcher

    C. hated Dick                                    

D. thought she would be operated on by Dick

以上为部分内容,若需全部请进http://item.taobao.com/auction/item_detail.htm?item_num_id=9191176989 


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