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2011青岛中考英语语法考前大盘点(1)  

2011-04-25 14:19:05|  分类: 中学语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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作者:魏训刚

英语语法在中考中占有重要的地位,要想在中考中取得理想的成绩,则必过语法关。要做好语法题,除需掌握中考要求的词汇之外,了解常考的语法点也非常重要。在对青岛近三年的中考试题进行综合分析之后,笔者对中考英语的常考语法点进行了一次大盘点。相信2011年即将参加中考的同学仔细研读后,定能有所收益。

一、名词

在近几年的中考试题中,每年都有对名词的考查。名词的考点主要涉及词义理解、辨析、复数形式的构成、可数不可数的判断、不可数名词的容量表示法以及名词所有格等方面。

[例题]:

25.British people eat_________a lot, and they are usually cooked in different ways.(2008)

       A.chicken           B.beef                 C.fish                 D.potatoes

19. ─ I don’t know the_________to the science museum. What shall I do?(09)

   ─ A map is helpful, I think.     

       A. price            B. way                  C. time              D. place

31.—Where are the _________?(10)

   —They are playing _________ violin in the school hall.

  A.girl students, /                                 B.girls students , the   

C. girl students , the                           D.girl student ,the

二、冠词

冠词虽少,只有a,an(不定冠词)和the(定冠词)三个,却是各地中考常考语言点之一。青岛中考在08,09年都没有考查冠词,10年有两道题涉及到冠词。冠词的考查重点包括不定冠词a和an的用法及辨析,定冠词the的用法和零冠词的用法等。其中,不定冠词与定冠词的用法区别以及在具体语言环境中冠词的应用是各地中考试题考查的热点,也是今后的考查方向。

[例题]

29.What a beautiful painting it is! I’ve never seen __________ painting.(10)

  A.such a             B. a                      C.such                         D.this better

31.—Where are the _________?(10)

   —They are playing _________ violin in the school hall.

  A.girl students, /                                 B.girls students , the   

C. girl students , the                           D.girl student ,the

三、数词

数词包括基数词和序数词两种。数词在近几年中考单选题中每年都有一道考题。考查的内容主要是基数词与序数词的应用、hundred、thousand、million与具体数字连用及与of搭配构成短语时的用法。

21.Basketball is so popular a game in the world that_________people play it for fun and exercise.(2008)

A.million of             B.millions of        C.millions                   D.two millions of

20. Would you please pass me _________ book on the right?(2009)

A. the third                B. the three                   C. three                      D. third

四、代词

代词是中考常考点之一。代词主要包括人称代词、物主代词、疑问代词、反身代词、不定代词等。从历年中考命题趋势看,考试范围多集中在以下几个方面:人称代词、名词性物物主代词和形容词性物主代词的用法与区别,及常见不定代词如some,any,both,either,neither,other,another,others的辨析。 it、one、that等的辨析也是常考内容。

例题:

18.I have got many collections of snow globes. You may take _________if you like.(08)

       A.either               B.one                  C.it                     D.none

 

34.Great changes have taken place in China. Who can tell_________it would be like in       _________ five years.(08)

       A.how ,other              B.what ,more      C.how ,another    D.what ,another

18. Don’t worry about your broken pen. You can use _________.(2009)

       A. my                   B. mine               C. yours              D. myself 

32. ─ A latest football magazine, please!(2009)

─ Only one copy left. Would you like to take _________, sir?

       A. one                 B. it                    C. this                 D. them

26. He may leave now, because there is ____________work for him to do.(10)

A. a little              B. some             C. no                 D. any

五、介词

介词也是中考必备词汇之一。介词的考查主要涉及以下几个方面:常用表示时间和地点的介词,含介词的固定搭配及句型,近似介词的辨析,如between和among、besides和except等的区别。

19.It’s very kind_________them to pick me up at the railway station and drive me home.(2008)

       A.for                 B.to                   C.of                   D.with

30. ─ What is your hobby? (2009)

─__________collecting balls, I also like different kinds of CDs.

       A. Besides          B. Except             C. Beside              D. About

27.The students make model toys ______________ old TVs and sell them to raise money for the children in the poor areas.(10)

   A. out of           B.into              C.of             D.from

六、形容词和副词

形容词和副词是一个很重要的考点。在近几年的单选试题中每年都有两道题考查它们的用法。考点主要集中在:词义的辨析、原级、比较级和最高级以及由它们所构成的常见句型中,如“(not) as…as…”、“the more…,the more….”、“比较级 + and + 比较级”、“one of the + 最高级 + 可数名词复数形式”和倍数表达法,及much等修饰比较级的用法。

例题: 

28.The more you read, _________you will get.(2008)

       A.the less            B.the most          C.the more          D.much more

33.—Speak_________, please ,because I can’t hear a word from the back.(2008)

       —Well, it’s_________enough.

       A.loudly ,loudly   B.louder, loud      C.loud, louder      D.loud, too loud

 24. ─ Would you like to go out for a walk?(2009)

   ─ Sure, the TV programs are too_________.

       A. surprising        B. interesting        C. exciting   D. boring

31. Either of them can take this job, but I wonder who does everything_________.(2009)

       A. the most careful B. more careful   C. most carefully        D. more carefully

19.The movie was ______________, I fell asleep halfway through it.(10)

A.funny               B. boring             C. exciting                  D. thriling

30. Between the travel plans , I’d like the one with a __________ price because I don’t have so much money.(10)

  A.higher              B.lower           C. cheaper             D.more expensive

七、动词

动词是考试中出现频率最高的词汇,因为动词和时态及语态紧密相关。动词考点主要集中在时态和语态、常见实用动词的用法、易混动词(短语)的辨析、情态动词、系动词的用法等。 除单选题外,综合填空也主要是对动词时态和语态的考查。

17.—What delicious cakes!(2008)

       —They would taste _________with butter.

       A.good               B.better               C.bad                 D.worse

20.—Will you answer the telephone? It_________be your mother.(2008)

       —Sorry, I _____________. I’m busy.

       A.can, mustn’t    B.will ,can’t        C.may, can’t              D.need ,will

23.Lots of people in our city_________the old and the disabled . They usually offer their seats to them on buses or help them cross the road.(2008)

       A.care for           B.take care          C.agree with        D.take pride in

29.—What’s the matter?(2008)

       —I am having trouble_________who has taken my book.

       A.finding             B.looking for       C.finding out       D.looking up

31.We have to_________our school sports meeting because of the bad weather.(2008)

       A.hold                B.put off             C.put down                D.attend

21. ─ Is the woman in white our manager? (2009)

─ It _________be her. She has just left for Shanghai.

       A. must               B. may                C. can’t                     D. couldn’t

25. ─ You always spend only a little time on your study. You really_________me down.(2009)

─ I’m sorry, Mum. I won’t do that again.

       A. take                B. put                  C. let                        D. look

27. Don’t ____________the people in trouble. Try to help them.(2009)

       A. hear of            B. go over          C. laugh at          D. look like

28. I’ve _________all the photos, but I still can’t find the one you need.(2009)

       A. opened up        B. set up      C. cared for         D. looked through

21.—I am going to Alison’s birthday party tonight.(10)

  —__________your new jacket, Betty. You are not supposed to ____________your old one.

A.Dress. put on   B. Wear ,dress     C. Wear, put on           D. Put on, wear

28.Sometimes the ads _________ but don’t tell you anything about the quality of the product.(10)

A. look well          B. sound good    C. taste good            D.seem bad

33. Jim was going to meet me early this morning at the aquarium but he didn’t __________.(10)

  A. show up          B.give up          C.stay  up        D. set up

34. I can’t write acomplete report unless you ________ me with enough information about the competition.(10)

   A.offer             B.give          C.provide            D.tell

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