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奥风英语《高考语法完全突破》考点归纳与2012年山东高考英语真题对照!  

2013-03-16 23:23:31|  分类: 中学语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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《高考语法完全突破》第十一讲:非谓语动词之不定式

6. 不定式作状语之考点聚焦

不定式做状语可以表示目的,原因,结果等。

如:I came to see you. (目的)    不定式表示目的时,相当于in order to/so as to。

In order to/To win the game, he practised hard every day.

We were happy to hear that. (原因)

He hurried to the school (only) to find nobody there. (结果)

(2012 山东高考英语真题)26. George returned after the war, only ___________ that his wife had left him.

A. to be to ld                   B. telling                      C. being told                 D. told

[答案]  A 考查不定式做结果状语的用法。

《高考语法完全突破》第十二讲:非谓语动词之分词

3. 过去分词与现在分词的区别

① ……

② 现在分词与其所修饰的词为主动关系,而过去分词与其所修饰的词则构成被动关系。

      通常ing形式多修饰物,表示“令人……的”,ed多修饰人,表示“感到……的”

如:

This is an exciting movie. (电影激动人心)

The excited audiences stood up. (因看电影而感到激动的观众)

I saw a crying boy on the street.(boy与cry构成主动关系)

The boy beaten by his father went out. (boy和beat构成被动关系)

I heard someone closing the door. (someone与close构成主动关系)

I heard the door closed. (门被关,door与close构成被动关系)

(2012 山东高考英语真题)35. After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope ___________.

A. providing                    B. provided                  C. having provided        D. provide

[答案] B 考查过去分词的用法。本句中envelope与provide为被动关系,即“被提供的信奉”,所以用过去分词。

《高考语法完全突破》第十五讲:简单句、并列句与复合句(一)

三、复合句

1. 主语从句

③以whether引导的主语从句

由一般疑问句充当主语从句时,该从句由whether引导。whether意为“是否”。

注意:if只能引导宾语从句,主语、表语、同位语从句只能用whether引导。

如:

一般疑问句:Is he coming?

主语从句:Whether he is coming (or not) doesn’t matter much.

          =It doesn’t matter whether he is coming or not.

(2012 山东高考英语真题)25. It doesn’t matter ___________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store.

A. how                                   B. whether                    C. what                        D. why

[答案] B 考查whether引导的主语从句,it为形式主语。

2. 宾语从句

(3)宾语从句的时态

②主句为一般过去时态时,宾语从句应用过去时的相应时态。

如:

He said he had heard of it.

Tom wanted to know when he could go home.

He asked where we would hold the meeting.

(2012 山东高考英语真题)34. The manager was concerned to hear that two of his trusted workers ___________.

A. will leave                     B. are leaving               C. have left                   D. were leaving

[答案] D 考查宾语从句。主句为过去时时,宾语从句要用相应的过去时态。

 

《高考语法完全突破》第十六讲:简单句、并列句与复合句(二)

--定语从句和状语从句

定语从句

⑦ 名词/代词/数词+介词+关系代词

如:

I have many friends, of whom some are businessmen. =some of whom are businessmen.

In Barcelona, the Chinese team got 16 gold medals, 12 of which were won by women.

The river, the banks of which(whose banks) are covered with trees, flows to the sea.

(2012 山东高考英语真题)23. Maria has written two novels, both of ___________ have been made into television series.

A. them                           B. that                         C. which                     D. what

[答案] C  考查“代词+介词+关系代词”结构引导的定语从句。

状语从句

(1) 时间状语从句

引导时间状语从句的连词主要有when, while, as, before, after, once, since, till/until, as soon as,the moment/minute, immediately/instantly等,在时间状语从句中,一般情况下,主句是一般将来时的时候,从句要用一般现在时。

如:As soon as I find the book, I will return it to you.

I watched her as she combed her hair. (as表示“边……边……”;“与……同时”或“随着……”,重在表示两个动作同时发生。伴随进行)

When I got home, my son was playing small planes. (when可表示一个时间点或时间段)

She wrote a novel while she was in the village. (while表示“在……期间”,只表示“段时间”,从句中谓语动词用延续性动词)

I didn’t leave until he came back.

Where has she been since I last saw her?

I recognized her immediately I saw her.(=as soon as/the moment/minute)

(2012 山东高考英语真题)27. He smiled politely ___________ Mary apologized for her drunken friends.

A. as                               B. if                            C. unless                      D. though

[答案] A 考查as引导的时间状语从句。

(2) 地点状语从句

地点状语从句一般由连接副词where, wherever等引导。

如:

You’ll always find some dolls where she stays.

Wherever he works, he’ll try his best to do it well.

(2012 山东高考英语真题)32. A number of high buildings have arisen ___________ there was nothing a year ago but ruins.

A. when                           B. where                      C. before                      D. until

[答案] B 考查where引导的地点状语从句。

《高考语法完全突破》第十八讲:倒装句

一. 完全倒装

1. so + be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 

表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一人或物,表示肯定,即“某人/物也……”。要注意be/助动词/情态动词的选择要根据前一句的动词及本句的主语而定。

如:

Mary is a student. So is her sister.

I have read the book. So have they.

I like sports. So does my brother.

We saw the film last week. So did Tom.

They will visit Lu Xun Park next Sunday. So will we.

(2012 山东高考英语真题)31. — I don’t know about you, but I’m sick and tired of this weather.

   —___________. I can’t stand all this rain.

A. I don’t care                 B. It’s hard to say          C. So am I                    D. I hope not

[答案] C  考查“So+ be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语”结构。

 

《高考语法完全突破》第十九讲:虚拟语气与强调句、省略句

虚拟条件句的结构

(2). 表示与过去事实相反的情况或假设时

If +过去完成时的从句, 主语+ should/ could/would/might+have+过去分词

如:

If the doctor had come last night, the boy would have been saved.

If he had not worked hard, he would have failed in the exam last term.

(2012 山东高考英语真题)30. If we ___________ adequate preparations, the conference wouldn’t have been so successful.

A. haven’t made               B. wouldn’t make          C. didn’t make             D. hadn’t made

[答案] D  考查与过去事实相反的虚拟条件句。

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